The configuration of the @PLUGIN@ plugin is done in the
[plugin "@PLUGIN@"] group = Service Users
The @PLUGIN@ plugin provides a self-service for creating service users. Project owners can then grant access rights to the service users on their projects. Independent of these access rights Gerrit administrators have some control over what service users can do.
Every service user for which a public SSH key is uploaded can access Gerrit projects via Git over SSH (if the Read permission is granted).
In addition these service users can make use of the Gerrit SSH API.
E.g. this enables service users to be used for continuous integration builds: They can clone projects, fetch open changes and then vote and comment on the changes (for voting the corresponding label permission must be assigned on the project).
There is no setting to disable SSH access for service users.
To be able to do Git operations over HTTP and to access the Gerrit REST API service users must have an HTTP password.
Gerrit administrators can control by the allowHttpPassword plugin configuration parameter whether service user owners can generate HTTP passwords for their service users. As a consequence of setting this option to
false by default service users can neither do git operations over HTTP nor access the Gerrit REST API. Still Gerrit administrators may approve access for certain service users by explicitly generating a HTTP passwords for them. This can be done on the service user screen.
WARNING: If access to the REST API is enabled, service users can use the Create Email REST endpoint in Gerrit core to create an email address even if allowEmail is set to
false, unless registration of email addresses in Gerrit is disabled.
To be able to push to Gerrit service users must have an email address.
Gerrit administrators can control by the allowEmail plugin configuration parameter whether service user owners can set email addresses for their service users. As a consequence of setting this option to
false git push is by default not allowed for service users. Still Gerrit administrators may approve git push for certain service users by explicitly setting email addresses for them. This can be done on the service user screen.
When git push is allowed, the plugin can be configured to create a git note on each commit pushed by a service user which records the service user owners at that point in time. This allows to track back which person is responsible for the commits done by the service user.
By automatically adding newly created service users to a Gerrit group Gerrit administrators can use this group to globally block certain access rights for this group on the
All-Projects project so that by default service users cannot do these operations.
E.g. blocking push on
refs/meta/config would prevent service users from pushing commits, while they still may push tags.
Gerrit administrators can make exceptions for certain service users by removing them from the group for which access rights are blocked.